Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation NEXT

Advanced understanding, increased predictability and international collaboration

Methodology

WP1 - Emerging technologies and observational networks

WP1 will focus on the AMOC Observing System (AOS) as a whole: ocean in-situ, remote-sensing, coastal or open ocean observing capacity, supported by international, national or regional efforts, projects, programs or initiatives, sustained or not. Considering the upper and lower limb of the AMOC, WP1 will enhance the observing capacity, and support an improved monitoring of the AMOC state and its impacts through indicators (WP4) and capacity actions (WP6). WP1 will take into account existing and novel regional observing efforts (WP3) and AMOC numerical simulation outcomes (WP5), and will provide inputs to data integration (WP2).

Task 1.1: AMOC key observing systems 

Task 1.2: Gaps in the AMOC observing system (AOS) 

Task 1.3: Novel, emerging observing technologies and ecosystem-relevant quantities to observe the AMOC 

Task 1.4: Synergy with other existing networks on emerging technologies, ocean observing platforms and shared research infrastructure

WP2 - Data flow and data integration

WP2 will provide the infrastructure for managing the project data via a common microservices-based platform. WP2 will build the framework to share data amongst the different WP teams, and to disseminate the project results to open access repositories such as CMEMS or EMODnet.

Task 2.1: Data Flow Coordination 

Task 2.2: Data retrieval from different sources

Task 2.3: Data processing: quality assurance

Task 2.4: Integration of AOS-5 in AMOC-NEXT data infrastructure

Task 2.5: Data dissemination through open-access repositories 

WP3 - Linking the Arctic to the Antarctic: AMOC regional key components

The overall goal of WP3 is to advance in the design of an effective and comprehensive AMOC Observing System (AOS) by integrating, for the first time, all sustained (ongoing and new) observations of the AMOC’s key regional components into a unified framework.

Task 3.1: The cold water route into the Atlantic Ocean

Task 3.2: The warm water route into the Atlantic Ocean 

Task 3.3: The AMOC across the tropical Atlantic 

Task 3.4: The role of boundary currents 

Task 3.5: AMOC exchange with the polar oceans

WP4 - Key physical and biogeochemical indicators of the AMOC

The temporal and spatial AMOC variability has led to significant changes in indicators of key physical, biogeochemical and ecosystem properties. WP4 will characterize the strength, time-scales and patterns of changes in these indicators, in order to understand their interaction with circulation variability and to generate an integrated system view of their impacts on the Atlantic system.

Task 4.1: Heat and freshwater storage, sea-level and vertical stratification global consideration 

Task 4.2: Deep pathways and intergyre connections 

Task 4.3: Deep storage of anthropogenic carbon and acidification 

Task 4.4: Primary production remineralization and deoxygenation 

Task 4.5: Habitat changes: Ocean biodiversity and ecosystem functioning 

Task 4.6: The all-Atlantic system: Indices of basin scale responses to AMOC changes 

WP5 - The AMOC in state-of-the-art climate models: processes, trends and impacts

Through an unprecedented analysis of the CMIP database and other simulations performed within EU Horizon 2020 programme, and the newly-synthesized observational data sets, WP5 will advance our understanding on key aspects of AMOC and its associated impacts on European and global climate and marine ecosystems, and will improve AMOC predictions and projections by developing emergent constraints that improve model simulations.

Task 5.1: Assessing the AMOC in state-of-the-art climate models

Task 5.2: Processes affecting AMOC variability, stability, and predictability

Task 5.3: AMOC control on heat uptake and sea level 

Task 5.4: AMOC-biogeochemistry interactions 

Task 5.5: Impacts on marine ecosystems and fisheries 

Task 5.6: Impacts of AMOC variability and change

WP6 - From capacity building to awareness: inclusive participation towards sustainability - one ocean, one health, one future

The overall aim of WP6 is to promote scientific-technological communication and citizen-stakeholder engagement regarding AMOC-related climate impacts. Besides presenting the project’s results to the scientific community, WP6 will work on capacity building and will disseminate the AMOC-related climate impacts to general public and relevant stakeholders while promoting sustainable citizen and governmental responses, under the basis of “one ocean, one health, one future”.

Task 6.1: Dissemination, communication and engagement 

Task 6.2: Towards common standards of scientific and technological capacity building 

Task 6.3: Inclusive research through citizen science

Task 6.4: Promoting ocean culture and reaching coastal communities

Task 6.5: Socioeconomic vulnerability and sustainable community-based policies

Task 6.6: Data and networking: exploitation, collaboration and visualization 

WP7 - Coordination, Management and Technological Readiness Level (TRL) Assessment

The aim of this WP is to accomplish the overall management and coordination of the AMOC-NEXT project and to ensure an appropriate TRL assessment of the technology developments.

Task 7.1: Financial and administrative management

Task 7.2: Coordination: internal, scientific, technical, communication, engagement and management

Task 7.3: Technology Readiness Level Assessment

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